Difference between theory x and theory y
Theory x and theory y are the two theories of motivation suitable for the workplace the essence of these theories states that how two different managerial styles motivate the workers on the basis of two opposing assumptions. On the other extreme, theory y is diametrically opposite to theory x which shows the modern and dynamic approach to individuals and relies on the assumptions that are practical in nature in this article, we are going to talk about the major differences between theory x and theory y content: theory x vs theory y. Is limited, particularly regarding mcgregor's seminal work with theory x and theory y in this study, we will explore the relationship between theory x, theory y, and organizational performance.
Management styles and practices suitable under theory ‘x and theory ‘y’: in view of assumptions about human behaviour, contained in theory ‘x’ and theory ‘y’, management styles and practices must differ widely. Douglas macgregor defined theory x and theory y, which are differing assumptions about human behavior in the workplace theory x asserts that people dislike work and require discipline and control. 1 discuss the difference between theory x, theory y, theory z and free-rein (laissez-faire) approaches to leadership choose an organization that you work for, or one you have worked for in the past and identify which theory you feel your boss followed.
A theory y manager believes that, given the right conditions, most people will want to do well at work they believe that the satisfaction of doing a good job is a strong motivation know about ouchi's theory z. Theory x and theory y are theories of human work motivation and management they were created by douglas mcgregor while he was working at the mit sloan school of management in the 1950s, and developed further in the 1960s. Theory x and theory y were first explained by mcgregor in his book, 'the human side of enterprise,' and they refer to two styles of management – authoritarian (theory x) and participative (theory y. The difference between mcgregor’s theory x and theory y–explained article shared by on the basis of hawthorne studies, mcgregor developed a theory and for want of better phraseology, named it as theory x and theory y. Harvard and michigan propounded theory x and theory y to explain two different styles of hrm theory x is a classic distrust approach of management where people are viewed as lazy working on their self interests.
Theory x and theory y are still important terms in the field of management and motivation recent studies have questioned the rigidity of the model, but mcgregor's x-y theory remains a guiding principle of positive approaches to management, to organizational development , and to improving organizational culture. Theory x-y american social psychologist douglas mcgregor explained his x and y management theory in his 1960 book, “the human side of enterprise” the difference between a classical. Theory x and theory y definition + create new flashcard popular terms two distinct sets of assumptions that managers, in general, have about their employees and which often turn out to be self-fulfilling prophesies. Theory y workers might be given the opportunity to exert “negotiating” strategies to solve their own differences theory z emphasizes more frequent performance appraisals, but slower promotions, while according to theory x, appraisals occur on a regular basis. Mcgregor's x-y theory according to mcgregor, there are the following two types of managers: • theory x managers - these managers believe that most of the people are self-centered, are only.
Identify key people in human resources theories table 34 differences between theory x & theory y illustrates the differences between theory x and theory y table 34 differences between theory x & theory y theory x theory y people dislike work and find ways to avoid it. Mcgregor's theory x and theory y is a simplistic, but useful account of two theories or visions of human behavior on theory x, we are self-interested individuals who seek wealth and pleasure. Managers who subscribe to theory y believe that employees view work as a source of satisfaction, are committed to achieving organizational objectives, are self-motivated and self-directed and accept responsibility, and find work as natural as play.
Difference between theory x and theory y
The theory x and y leadership model was developed 50 years ago and has been validated by modern research it suggests that there are two approaches to managing people enlightened managers use theory y, which produces better performance and results, and allows people to grow and develop. Professor douglas mcgregor highlighted that there is a significant relationship between motivation and leadership among people he summarized the findings of the hawthorn experiment by introducing both theory x and theory y. The result was theory z—a development beyond theory x and theory y that blended the best of eastern and western management practices ouchi’s theory first appeared in his 1981 book, theory z: how american management can meet the japanese challenge.
- Now that you know the difference between theory x and theory y managers, let's go a little deeper into the characteristics of a theory y manager a theory y manager: unlock content.
- The basic difference in the theory x and theory y manager is the perception of the ultimate incentives that will motivate individuals to work and dedicate the utmost of their potential to the job.
Theory x, theory y and theory z during my last 5 years of work experience, i have the opportunity to work in two different kinds of atmosphere on one hand, the working environment in wipro technologies is flexible and employees are given liberty to complete the project on time. Mcgregor's theory has two aspects known as theory x and theory y theory x—theory x is the traditional theory of human behaviour according to this theory, workers are inherently lazy, passive and unambitious. Theory x and theory y douglas mcgregor proposed managers had two different sets of assumptions concerning workers •their attitudes about motivating workers were tied to these assumptions. Theory-y the theory of theory-y is a new approach to management this approach emphasizes on co-operation between management and employees this theory states that the individual goals and organizational goals don’t have conflict.